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Norwegian
Music

On this page, you will find links that show just intonation in musical practice. Some of the recordings are old, but although the quality of the recordings may vary, they all show how just intonation gives a distinctly fresh and open sound to the music.

The music examples are from recordings made on two instruments with just intonation, a harmonium (from 1936) and a pipe organ (completed 1953). Both organs were constructed with a 36-division of the octave. The recording of the harmonium was made at NRK (Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation). The pipe organ, that had only one timbre, one voice, was at first placed in the Trinity Church, after that it was moved to Fagerborg Church. Upon completion of the organ house at Ekeberg in 1971, the instrument was moved there. In addition to the ability to represent pure tuned major and minor intervals, the instrument opens up for construction of scales outside normal whole- or halftone systems, something that is often found in Norwegian folk music.

Title: Ståle Storli
Performers: Aslak Brekke (song) and Eivind Groven (harmonium)
Recorded at NRK 1937

NRK's directors believed in the 1930's that folk music should also exist in arrangements in the weekly folk music program, and Eivind Groven took th e opportunity to try out instrument combinatins that would better preserve the characteristics of the folk music. Here, the harmonium has been tuned according to the quarter tones of Aslak Brekke, and the harmony between voice and harmonium results in a dramatic expression.

Title: Ballad
Performer: Kåre Nordstoga (organ)
Recorded at Eivind Groven's organ house 1985

Neutral scale with D as fundamental: Large minor third, semi-large seventh and og fourth. Eivind Groven completed this composition in March 1961, and it was later arranged for two hardanger fiddles and premiered by Groven and Magne Mannheim in 1962 at Myllargutstemnet in Rauland.

Title: Wedding march
Performer: Kåre Nordstoga (organ)
Recorded at Eivind Groven's organ house 1985

From 1961/62. A major. The automat is in use, and it was more than 20 years old when this recording was made, something that might be noticed in a couple of places.

Title: Kivlemøyane
Performers: Steinar Ofsdal (willow flute), Kåre Nordstoga (organ)
Recorded at Eivind Groven's organ house 1985

Halling in 2/4 rhythm. Willow flute scale. The accompaniment is notated in E major, the organ has been set to a just intoned minor scale, and the arrangement is from teh 1930's. Ofsdal has found Kivlemøyane on a grammophone record where Eivind Groven plays the willow flute. Groven had learned to perform the "slått" in this manner from his mother, Aslaug R. Groven.

Title: Fyrispil
Performers: Knut Askje (song), Eivind Groven (organ)
Recorded in the Trinty Church, Oslo, 1954

Knut Askje from Lårdal in West Telemark (1920 – 1982) was a construction worker and folk music singer. The recording has been copied from a 78-record from 1954. The scale that is used is aeolian with a large minor third and semi-large leading tone, and in the middle there is a section in a major key. Text by Jørund Telnes.

Title: Triløytingen
Performer: Johannes Dahle (Hardanger fiddle)

Recording from November 5, 1953. The dance is performed with the bass string lowered, tuned as a violin. This tuning gives another and often darker timbre, in comparison with the most common violin tuning. The dance is included in the examples because of its use of irregular intervals.

Title: Beltevisa
Performer: Eivind Groven (orgel)

This recording from 1967 has been made on Groven's first electronic organ, and is a good example of the 43-division of the octave. The example is from Groven's demonstration-LP.

Title: Lonarvisa
performer: Eivind Groven (organ)

This recording from 1967 has been made on Groven's electronic organ, and is a good example on the 43-division of the octave. The example is from Groven's demonstration-LP.

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In collaboration with Eivind Grovens Institutt for renstemming